About Disputes

Create Disputes and Chargebacks from the Razorpay Dashboard. Check the notifications and how disputes are handled for international payments.

A dispute is a situation where a customer or the issuing bank questions the validity of payments. It may arise due to unauthorised charges, failure to deliver the promised merchandise, or excessive charges levied by the business.

A dispute can be in any of the following phases:

FraudA dispute is raised by the bank when it suspects a transaction to be fraudulent based on the risk analysis.
RetrievalA request is initiated by the customer with their issuer bank for additional information about a transaction. This is essentially a "soft" chargeback.
ChargebackA refund claim initiated by the customers with their issuer banks. In such cases, the bank starts an official inquiry.
Pre-ArbitrationA chargeback that you have won and is again challenged by the customer for the second time.
ArbitrationA chargeback that you have won and is rechallenged for the third time by the customer, and the card networks directly get involved. These disputes are usually costly.

Handy Tips

The pre-arbitration and arbitration dispute phases are usually long-drawn, complicated, and challenging. It is advised to take remedial action during the retrievals and chargeback phases to avoid complications.

A dispute can have any of the following statuses (in the Razorpay system).

Dispute States

OpenIndicates that the dispute has been created.
Under ReviewIndicates that the issuing bank has reviewed the dispute.
WonIndicates that the bank has accepted the remedial documents, and you have won the chargeback.
LostIndicates that the bank did not accept the remedial documents and you have lost the chargeback.
ClosedIndicates the state when a fraudulent transaction is closed after you provide details of the transaction or make a refund to the customer. This is seen in fraudulent transactions only.

Following is the process flow for disputes:

  1. A dispute can be initiated in any of the following ways:

    1. Initiated by the issuing bank: The issuing bank suspects a fraudulent transaction and asks for your justification.
    2. Initiated by the customer: The customer claims that the transaction was unauthorised and raises it with the issuing bank.
  2. You will be

    • Accept the dispute. The customer is refunded. In the case of fraud, you must refund the amount. In other cases, Razorpay will auto-refund the amount.
    • to prove that the transaction was fair.
      • If you contest, the documents are sent to the customer’s bank. The bank reviews the case and provides a verdict.
      • If you lose the dispute, the amount would be deducted from your account and is sent to the customer.

Notifications are sent when disputes are created. These notifications are in the form of:

  • Emails
    You will receive an email notification when a dispute is created. The email contains details of the transaction, amount and cause of dispute.
  • Webhooks
    You can to receive alerts whenever a dispute is created or there is a change in status.

Disputes in International Payments

For a dispute raised for international payment, the amount deducted from your account will be based on the day's currency conversion rate when the dispute was created. The currency conversion rate is dependent on the rate charged by processing banks. This conversion rate may vary from that on the day when the payment was created.

You can perform the following actions using the Razorpay Dashboard:

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