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Tax Collected at Source (TCS) is a tax that is imposed by the seller on the buyer when certain products are purchased. It was introduced in 1961 to curb tax evasion and money laundering by the Income Tax Department.
Read on to know everything about Tax Collected at Source and its impact on your business.
What is Tax Collected at Source (TCS)?
Section 206C of the Income Tax Act says that when certain specified goods are sold, a certain amount must be added to their sale price – this is TCS, or Tax Collected at Source.
The seller imposes this amount on the buyer and then has to deposit it with the government by a certain deadline.
Let’s use an example to further understand. Abhinav buys a car worth Rs 20 lakhs from a popular luxury car manufacturer. The car manufacturer, according to the rates set down by the Income Tax Department, has to impose an additional 1% tax on top of the price of the car.
Therefore, Mr. Abhinav would be paying an additional Rs 20,000 on top of Rs 20 lakhs – making a total of Rs 20,20,000 for his luxury car.
In this case, Abhinav is the buyer and the car manufacturer is the seller.
TCS is applicable only to specific goods like liquor, timber wood, minerals, and luxury vehicles. But why these specific goods?
Why was Tax Collected at Source Introduced?
The Income Tax Department noticed that certain merchants were underreporting their income from the sale of certain goods. As a result, these merchants were not paying the correct amount of income tax that they were supposed to.
Further, the IT Department wanted to keep track of the income of people who were able to purchase expensive cars, drinking liquor, and other luxury goods. This was to curb the flow of black money in the market and ensure that all income was properly reported to the government.
In 1961, the Government of India introduced Tax Collected at Source to ensure that the buyers and sellers of specific goods followed the correct procedure to report the entirety of their earnings and paid their taxes correctly.
The list of goods and the rates of Tax Collected at Source is listed at the end of this blog.
When is TCS collected?
In Abhinav’s situation, the car manufacturer collected TCS when it received money from Abhinav via cash/cheque/draft.
Sellers can also collect TCS when they are debiting money payable by the buyer in the books of accounts if it comes earlier.
Want to understand what “debiting money” and “payable by the buyer” means? Stay tuned for our Accounting for Founders series!
In short, the seller collects TCS on whichever is earlier of the following two dates:
- While debiting money payable by a buyer in the books of accounts
- After receiving money from a buyer via cash/cheque/draft
How to Deposit TCS?
The seller must deposit TCS by submitting Challan 281 within 7 days from the last day of the month in which the tax was collected, on a monthly basis.
For example, if Abhinav bought his luxury car on the 15th of November, the luxury car manufacturer will have to submit Challan 281 before the 7th of December.
There are two exceptions to this rule.
Any taxes collected in the month of March must be submitted on the 30th of April, and any taxes collected on the purchase of property must be submitted on the 30th of the following month. Here is a table for easy understanding.
|Particulars||When to Submit Challan 281|
|TDS collected on purchase||Before the 7th of the following month|
|TDS collected on purchase of property||Before the 30th of the following month|
|TDS collected in March||On 30th April|
Sellers can submit Challan 281 online or offline.
Online TCS Submission Process
Go to the Income Tax Department’s website for tax collection
Select Challan No./ ITNS 281 for TDS/TCS
Here are the sections you will need to fill out in the selected Challan 281 form:
This refers to the person on whose payment the tax has been deducted. In our example, Abhinav is the deductee, and the car manufacturer would be the deductor. There are two kinds of deductees:0020 Company Deductee
0021 Non-Company Deductee If the deductee is not a part of the business, select 0021 Non-Company Deductee. Otherwise, if the deductee is a part of the business, select 0200 Company Deductee.
- Type of payment
There are two options in this category:200 TDS/TCS Payable by Taxpayer
400 TDS/TCS Regular AssessmentWhat is the difference between 200 TDS/TCS Payable by Taxpayer and 400 TDS/TCS Regular Assessment?Select 200 TCS Payable by Taxpayer when the taxpayer is paying TCS on their own and not at the demand of the Income Tax Department.
Select 400 TCS Regular Assessment when the taxpayer is paying TCS at the demand of the Income Tax Department as part of its regular assessment.
- Nature of payment
This is where the taxpayer declares what kind of good or service was traded. When the luxury car manufacturer is submitting its TCS, it would select:
- Mode of Payment
Taxpayers can choose to pay TCS through debit card or net banking.
The Tax Deduction Account Number (TAN) is a 10-digit alphanumeric identity number. It is issued to the deductor, or the party that collects the TCS. To get the TAN number, apply on the official website separately, or visit a Facilitation Centre of the Tax Information Network (TIN)
- Assessment Year
If the payment is made on the 15th of November 2022, the Assessment Year would be 2023-2024. This is because income earned between 1st April 2022 and 31st March 2023 will be taxable only in the following year, i.e., 2023-2024.
- Personal Details
Finally, fill out personal details – address, PIN code, email ID and mobile number.
Once you submit this form, you will be redirected to the payment page.
Offline TCS Submission Process
To submit TCS offline, the deductor will need to visit the bank branch and submit a challan. The bank will provide proof of submission once you’ve submitted the challan and made the payment.
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The benefits of RazorpayX Tax Payments:
- No data entry error since details like TAN number and address are autosaved in the system.
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- The dashboard will display CIN and CRN numbers after the TDS payment.
- It saves you a lot of time and errors.
Filing TCS Returns
Every entity that collects tax has to submit a quarterly TCS return i.e in Form 27EQ with regard to the tax collected in a given quarter.
What is a TCS Return?
Tax returns are a form that every income-earning citizen of the country within a certain bracket must file with the Income Tax Department. We file this form so that the government has information on where we get our income from so that every source of income is accounted for and taxed appropriately.
When to Submit TCS Return?
The seller must file a quarterly return via Form 27EQ online on or before the 15th of the next month from the close of each quarter:
|Quarter||Last date for filing|
|1st Quarter||15th July|
|2nd Quarter||15th October|
|3rd Quarter||15th January|
|4th Quarter||15th May|
- Any interest on delay in TCS payment to the authorities must be paid before the return is filed.
- If TCS is collected by any office of the Government, the collected amount has to be deposited on the same day of collection.
Note: The seller must also provide the buyer with a certificate in form 27D. More on that below.
Tax Collected at Source Certificate
After the successful filing of TCS returns, the IT department issues a Tax Collected at Source (TCS) certificate, also called Form 27D. The taxpayer, or the seller, needs to submit TCS certificates to buyers while filing quarterly TCS returns.
Form 27D or the TCS certificate comes with the following information:
- TAN of seller filing the quarterly returns
- PAN of buyer and seller
- Names of the seller and buyer
- Total amount of Tax collected by seller
- Tax rate
- Date of collection
When will a higher rate of TCS apply?
A seller will collect TCS at a higher rate in the following situations:
- If a buyer hasn’t filed Income Tax Returns for the previous two financial years before the year of TCS collection
- In case the total amount of Tax Collected at Source and Tax Deducted at Source exceeds Rs. 50,000 in each of the two financial years
- If the period for filing ITR has passed
Tax Collected at Source provisions under GST for E-commerce
The provisions are as follows:
- With respect to online transactions, E-commerce platforms are supposed to pay traders/dealers after deducting Tax at the rate of 1% under IGST, 0.5% in CGST and 0.5% in SGST
- Traders and dealers must register themselves under GST
- Tax amount needs to be deposited by the 10th of the following month
Tax Deducted at Source vs Tax Collected at Source
TDS and TCS are often confused with one another. Here’s a table highlighting the difference between the two.
|Basis of difference||TDS||TCS|
|Definition||TDS is tax deducted at source by any company or individual making a payment if the payment exceeds the thresholds mentioned under respective sections.||TCS is a tax collected by the seller, at the time of sale.|
|Liability to deduct||It’s the liability of the buyer of goods and services to deduct TDS||The seller recovers TCS|
|Nature||TDS is an expense||TCS is an Income|
|Applicability||TDS is deducted on contractors’ payments, professional fees, commission, salary, rent, brokerage, interest, etc.||TCS is collected on the sale of specified goods mentioned above.|
Tax Collected at Source (TCS) rate chart
Apart from the below-mentioned goods, TCS shall not be applicable on the purchase of any other goods.
|Goods||Rate of TCS to be deducted|
|Liquor of alcoholic nature, made for consumption by humans||1%|
|Timber wood under a forest leased||2.50%|
|Timber wood by any other mode than forest leased||2.50%|
|A forest produce other than Tendu leaves and timber||2.50%|
|Minerals like lignite, coal, and iron ore||1%|
|Bullion that exceeds over Rs 2 lakhs/ Jewellery that exceeds over Rs 5 lakh||1%|
|Purchase of motor vehicle exceeding Rs 10 lakhs||1%|
|Parking lot, toll plaza and mining and quarrying||2%|
Note: If the buyer fails to furnish his PAN, he shall be liable to pay Tax Collected at Source @ 5% or twice the normal rates, whichever is higher.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What are TCS exemptions?
TCS exemptions are applicable if a buyer procures goods for processing, manufacturing and production and not for the purposes of trading. There are also exemptions if the goods are being used for personal consumption.
Should sellers collect TCS on an amount inclusive of GST?
According to income tax law, the seller is required to collect TCS from the buyer while debiting the amount payable to the buyer’s account, or when the seller receives such an amount from the aforementioned buyer by any mode, whichever is earlier. So, the amount debited to the buyer’s account or payment received by the seller would include VAT/excise/GST. Hence, as a seller, you must collect TCS inclusive of GST.
What happens in the case of late filing of TCS return?
If you fail to file the TCS return on or before the due date prescribed in the income tax law, you will have to pay a fee of Rs.200 per for as long as the failure continues. However, the amount of late fees cannot be more than the TCS dues. Moreover, you would be required to pay the late filing fees before you file the TCS return. Rs. 200 per day is a fee for the late filing of TCS returns, and not a penalty.
Are there penalties in the case of incorrect TCS return filing?
If the tax collector files an incorrect TCS return, then they would be liable to pay a penalty under Section 271H of the Income Tax Act. The minimum amount of the penalty is Rs. 10,000 and the maximum amount is Rs.1,00,000.
Does Form 26AS contain my TCS details?
Yes. Form 26AS contains details of Tax Collected at Source (TCS) by the seller of specified goods when the seller sold you such goods. Form 26AS displays the details of the seller, as well as the TCS amount, and the transaction on which tax was collected.
If a buyer has a PAN and has not filed Income Tax Returns for last two years and the seller deducts TCS @ 5%, can the buyer recover this TCS later?
Yes. The buyer has the provision to adjust the TCS at the time of making a payment towards self-assessed tax liability in further assessment years.
Why was tax collected at source introduced?
The provisions of collecting tax at source were brought into force because of the difficulties that the Income Tax department was facing in assessing the income of assessees who were party to contracts for the sale of liquor, scrap, forest products, etc. Legal entities like firms or Association of Persons (AOPs) would usually be set up for such contracts, but after signing it, there would be no way of attributing taxable income generated out of these contracts to any entity. So, to combat large scale tax evasion by income tax assessees in partaking such contracts, Section 206C of TCS was introduced.
What is tax collected used for?
The tax collected at the source is just like income tax revenue collected in advance by the Income Tax Department. It acts as a source of revenue for government bodies to undertake projects for social welfare and for the development of the country.