Professional Tax (PT) is one of the statutory compliance requirements for businesses. Unlike TDS, EPF and ESI, PT is levied by the respective state governments. 

But there’s a catch! 

Not all Indian states impose professional tax. Also, the tax applicable to different income slabs may vary from one state to another, but it has a maximum limit of Rs 2,500 per year.

Let’s dig further to know the applicability of professional tax, the states where such tax is applicable, and how Opfin simplifies it for businesses.  

What is professional tax

Professional tax is a direct tax that applies to individuals earning an income by way of employment, practising their profession or trading. A practising professional includes a lawyer, teacher, doctor, chartered accountant, etc.  

The tax is deducted from the individual’s monthly salary by their employer and is deposited to the state governments. Professionals apart from salaried employees pay it directly to the government. 

Such professionals can claim a tax deduction for the PT paid during the financial year as per the Income Tax Act 1961.  

Who is responsible for deducting or paying professional tax

In case of a salaried employee, the employer must deduct PT from their salary every month and deposit it to the government. The employer needs to get a Registration Certificate from the concerned authorities to deposit the deducted tax. 

Whereas, the self-employed individuals who carry out their profession or trade and fall into eligibility criteria are required to pay the PT themselves to the state government. They need to obtain a Certificate of Enrolment from the concerned state’s prescribed authority. 

Every state/UT has a commercial tax department which collects professional tax based on predetermined income slabs. 

Professional tax registration and process

All employers must obtain PT registration within 30 days of employing individuals. In the case of other professionals, the registration must be obtained within 30 days from the start of their practice. 

If the employer has more than one office, then the registration must be obtained for each office depending on the respective state rules. 

It might be challenging for employers to catch hold of the registration process of all the states wherever PT is applicable. 

To ease the complexities of registration processes across states, we built Opfin

Opfin is an automated payroll software that takes care of everything payroll related right from salary disbursement to getting statutory compliance requirements right. The product also handles professional tax state-wise registrations for employers and saves a lot of valuable time.  

Professional Tax applicability across the states 

Here’s the list of states where PT is applicable along with tax amount: 

Professional Tax Slabs Table

With Opfin, professional tax payments are also taken care of along with registrations. The product uses a direct deposit model similar to any payment wallet where the user maintains a balance. The payroll expenses are automatically deducted from such balance as on the respective due dates. 

It takes care of all the statutory payments such as PF, ESI, PT and TDS automatically and also their periodical returns. 

Suggested Read: Why Your Employees Need ESI

There is no need to spend time and manual efforts on maintaining employee records, their PT contribution, and payment to concerned authorities once an Opfin account has been set up. 

Set your Opfin account now

Here’s the list of states where PT is not applicable. 

Andaman and Nicobar Islands Himachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir
Chandigarh Ladakh
Chhattisgarh Lakshadweep
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Rajasthan
Daman and Diu Uttar Pradesh
Delhi Uttarakhand
Goa Haryana

Exemptions 

The following individuals are exempt from paying professional tax: 

  1. Parents or guardians of children with a mental disability or permanent disability
  2. An individual suffering from a permanent physical disability including blindness
  3. Any individual of above 65 years
  4. Members of the forces as defined in the Air Force Act, 1950, the Army Act, 1950 and the Navy Act, 1957 including members of auxiliary forces or reservists, serving in the state
  5. Temporary workers employed in the textile industry
  6. Women exclusively engaged as agents under the Mahila Pradhan Kshetriya Bachat Yojana

The bottom line 

Any failure to obtain PT registration or depositing dues to the concerned authorities might land employers and professionals in trouble. Penalty/late fee or interest rates on late registrations or late payments are different for each state. 

With Opfin, you, as an employer, can avoid all such consequences. The product will take care of all your professional tax dues payment and their return filing on time; leaving no scope for default with statutory compliance requirements. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. How is Professional Tax calculated?

Professional tax is calculated on the basis of predetermined slabs depending on the monthly or yearly salary. These slabs vary from state to state in India. Generally, it is Rs 200 per month provided the maximum PT in a financial year should not exceed Rs 2,500.

2. In which state Professional Tax is not applicable?

PT is not applicable in Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Daman & Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Lakshadweep, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Chandigarh, Goa and Ladakh. 

3. Who is exempted from Professional Tax? 

  • An individual above 65 years of age
  • Members of the forces as defined in the Air Force Act, 1950, the Army Act, 1950 and the Navy Act, 1957 including members of auxiliary forces or reservists, serving in the state
  • Parents of children with a disability
  • An individual suffering from a permanent physical disability including blindness
  • Temporary workers working in textile industries

4. What is Professional Tax in Karnataka? 

The maximum amount of professional tax is Rs 2,400 in Karnataka. 

Monthly salary  Professional tax amount per month
Up to Rs 15,000 Nil
Rs 15,001 and above Rs 200
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A Writer by Chance. Finance Wizard. If not working, you can find me binge-watching F.R.I.E.N.D.S!

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