Wondering what is the secret to long-term business success?  The answer: a successful business strategy that helps you meet your long-term financial goals.

We break down the formula for effective strategic management in this detailed blog.

What is Strategic Management?

Strategic management is the process of determining the most efficient allocation of resources in order to achieve a business’s short and long-term goals. These resources could include employees, money, machinery, or technology.  

The entire process can be broken down into 3 major steps. These are:

process of strategic management

Benefits of Strategic Management

Strategic management is more a way of life. It’s a school of thought that the best managers subscribe to. But why? Let’s look at why it’s important to manage resources in a strategic, well-planned out way.

  1. Improved decision-making: Strategic management provides a framework for better decision-making by allowing leadership to assess the potential impact of their decisions on the overall strategic objectives of the organization. 
  2. Enhanced collaboration: Strategy management encourages collaboration between departments and functions ensuring that everyone is working toward the same goals and objectives. 
  3. Better organizational performance: Strategy management also helps organizations to focus on the areas that need improvement, identify the best ways to achieve their goals and objectives, and measure progress. 
  4. Effective resource allocation: Strategic management encourages organizations to utilise their resources more efficiently by ensuring that resources are allocated to the most important areas. 
  5. Increased customer satisfaction: Strategy management helps organizations to better understand their customers and develop strategies to meet their needs.

5 Stages of Strategic Management Process

steps in strategic management

Let’s understand each step in more detail:

  1. Identify Goals: All business processes should be focused on achieving a certain goal. Whether this is overall profitability or one particular acquisition, it is imperative to be clear on this goal right from the beginning.
  2. SWOT Analysis: SWOT stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. This strategic analysis helps understands the internal (strengths and weaknesses) and external (opportunities and threats) factors that are likely to either contribute or prevent business growth.
  3. Creating strategy: This step is the most important – it involves coming up with the actual strategy on how to allocate the business’s resources in the most efficient way. Resources here include employees, money, or machinery – essentially all the assets the business owns. 
  4. Implement Strategy: Once the strategies have been formulated, the next step is to implement & execute them. The first step here is to communicate the strategy and plan of action to all levels of management.
  5. Evaluation: The final step of strategic management is to evaluate and assess the effectiveness of the strategies that have been implemented. This involves measuring the results of the strategies and making changes as and when needed. This step helps ensure that the organization is on track to reach its goals.

Types of Strategies Used in SMP

  1. Business Strategy: A business strategy focuses on developing a long-term plan of action to achieve a company’s goals, such as increasing profits or market share. It involves analyzing the current market and competitors, creating a strategic vision, and setting objectives and goals.
  2. Corporate Strategy: Corporate strategy is a plan of action that defines how a company will reach its goals and objectives. It involves analyzing the current environment, identifying strategic goals and objectives, and determining the best way to meet them. 
  3. Competitive Strategy: Competitive strategy is a plan of action that companies use to gain an edge over their competitors. It involves analyzing competitors, identifying their strengths and weaknesses, and devising strategies to capitalize on opportunities and reduce threats. 
  4. Innovation Strategy: Innovation strategy is the process of developing new products, services, and processes that can give a company a competitive advantage. It involves identifying customer needs, brainstorming ideas, developing prototypes and testing them. 
  5. Operational Strategy: Operational strategy focuses on how to optimize resources and processes in order to create value and achieve organizational goals. It involves analyzing current operations, setting goals and objectives, and creating plans to reach those goals.

Popular Approaches of Strategic Management

SWOT Analysis

SWOT analysis is a framework used to assess a company’s competitive position and to create strategic planning. It stands for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. The SWOT analysis evaluates internal and external variables as well as present and anticipated future situations.

A SWOT analysis is intended to help you take a practical, fact-based, and data-driven look at the advantages and disadvantages of a company, its efforts, or its sector. The organisation must avoid preconceived notions or grey regions and concentrate on real-life circumstances in order to maintain the analyses’ accuracy. Companies should use it as a reference rather than a strict prescription.

Balanced Scorecard

A balanced scorecard framework helps organisations optimise their internal processes to enhance their external output. It uses historical performance as a key indicator and suggests different ways for companies to make informed decisions in future.

A balanced scorecard has four points: learning & development, company processes, customer perspectives, and financial data. Since the vision and strategy of a corporation are formed on these four components, it becomes important for the company leadership to analyse the information gathered through this scorecard.

Why is Strategic Management Important?

Strategic management is important because it guides organizations on how to meet their long-term goals. 

  1. It instils agility in organizations to deal with external environments & change.
  2. Strategic management enables organizations to evaluate their current performance and devise ways to improvise.
  3. Having a strong strategy based on deep market research helps organizations remain competitive, as well as identify opportunities for growth.
  4. Strategic management improves efficiency by helping organizations align their goals with resources.

Strategic management has a significant impact on businesses. An effective strategy can lead to increased profitability, improved competitive advantage, better customer relationships & increased organisational efficiency & productivity. 

It can also help to attract and retain talented employees, identify and develop new markets, and ensure the sustainability of the business. A successful strategy can lead to improved efficiency, better decision-making, and higher employee morale. Overall, strategic management can help businesses to be more successful and competitive in their respective markets.


  • RazorpayX allows business owners to open current accounts, pay taxes, schedule payments, pay vendors seamlessly and check invoices from a single dashboard. This saves valuable time and effort. 
  • It fills the gap between advanced banking solutions and finance professionals. It allows easy accounting software integration.
  • With RazorpayX Payroll, businesses can automate salary payments and provide insurance policies to their employees.


Frequently Asked Questions

What is strategy management?

Strategy management is the process of developing and executing strategies to ensure an organization achieves its goals. It involves setting objectives, analyzing the organizational environment, developing strategies, tracking progress, and making adjustments when necessary.

What are the benefits of using strategy management?

The benefits of using strategy management include improved decision making, increased efficiency, better coordination between departments, and improved alignment with organizational goals. It can also help organizations to anticipate market trends and respond quickly to changing conditions.

What are the main components of strategy management?

The main components of strategy management are goal setting, environmental analysis, strategy development, implementation and control. Goal setting involves setting clear, measurable objectives for the organization. Environmental analysis involves assessing the external environment to identify opportunities and threats. Strategy development involves creating a plan to achieve the objectives. Implementation involves executing the strategy. Finally, control involves monitoring progress and adjusting the strategy when necessary.

    Liked this article? Subscribe to our weekly newsletter for more.

    Author Kanika Singh

    Write A Comment